Shanghai Pudong International Airport (China)
Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVG and ICAO: ZSPD) is one of the two most important airports that serve the city of Shanghai and China in general. The other is Hongqiao International Airport that is currently used for domestic flights. The airport is located some 30 km toward east of Shanghai City, just near the coastline. The airport serves as the main hub for a number of airlines including Shanghai Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, Air China, Juneyao Airlines, Spring Airlines and UPS Airlines. It is also a hub of DHL. The airport is one of the fastest growing airports in the world in terms of both passenger and cargo traffic. It indeed ranks as the third busiest airport in the world in terms of cargo traffic and 20th in the world in terms of passenger traffic.
The airport has two passenger terminals although there are plans to construct a third passenger terminal in 2015. With 280,000 square meters of floor space, Terminal 1 has capacity to handle 20 million travelers annually. The terminal was specifically constructed to ease off the congestion experienced at Hongqiao International Airport. Although similar to Terminal 1 in design, Terminal 2 is larger and is mainly used by Air China, Star Alliance partners and Oneworld airline partners. The opening of Terminal 2 in 2008 saw a number of airlines that hitherto operated from Terminal 1 move to Terminal 2. They include Shanghai Airlines, Air India, Qatar Airways, Alitalia, British Airways, Virgin Atlantic and Malaysia Airlines among other airlines.
The airport can be accessed through several ways. It is directly connected to the city’s urban rail network by both Metro Line 2 and Shanghai Maglev Train. It is also connected by road by SI Yingbin Expressway and Huaxia Elevated Road in the north and Shanghai-Jiaxing-Huzhou Expressway and G1501 Shanghai Ring Expressway in the south.